You have probably heard of blood donation, but how about organ donation? It is the process whereby a person allows an organ of their own to be removed and relocated into another person. This process must be legal, either by consent while the donor is alive or dead with the assent of the next of kin. Donation may also be for research purposes. Kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas,intestines , lungs, bones, bone marrow, skin, and corneas are some of the organs that can be transplanted. Some of these organs and tissues can be donated while the donors are still alive, such as a kidney or part of the liver, part of the pancreas, part of the lungs or part of the intestines. However, most donations occur after the donor has died.
Ronald Lee Herrick (1931–2010), was the first living organ donor in a successful transplant. He donated a kidney to his identical twin brother in 1954. The youngest organ donor was a baby with anencephaly(a severe congenital condition in which a large part of the skull is absent along with the cerebral hemispheres of the brain), born in 2015, who lived for only 100 minutes and donated his kidneys to an adult with renal failure. The oldest known organ donor was a 107-year-old Scottish woman, whose corneas were donated after her death in 2016. The oldest known organ donor for an internal organ was a 92-year-old Texas man, whose family decided to donate his liver after he died of a brain hemorrhage.
Spain has been the recognized leader in donations for a long time, with 35 donors per million. Actually, in Spain you are considered a donor unless you make the effort to opt out of the donation system. This is probably the reason for the high donation rates.Follow us in social media: